1930's South

Plenty of things went on during the 1930's that would change and shape are country. It was a hard time period to live in with all the unemployment, poverty, and racism. The United States was going through one of the worst time periods in its history. Something such as Jim Crow laws would bring about arguments that would not end until many years later. Anther important event would occur the Dust Bowl which could not have happened at a worse time. This is just some of the many things that went on during this time period, The Great Depression would not just effect the U.S but the entire world!

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this is one of the picture taken of the dust storms in the dust bowl.

Dust Bowl

The Dust bowl was caused from over farming techniques that remover the grass and left soil open and exposed unheld to the ground. It was also increased in effect because of a drought there during the 1930's. between 1930-1941 there was over 325 dust storms. Alot of farmers lost their land and became in dept and alot moved to California to try to start over. In 1930’s acts to try and restore the soil and continue farming there were done which included planting 2000 mile long “shelterbelt” of trees, and payed farmers for replanting grass in some areas.

  • The Dust Bowl began when wind churned up drought stricken topsoil and created clouds of dust. These happend to occurr during the dreadful depression. Dust Bowl was named by people in the south. It had got its name after Black Sunday April 14, 1935. The Dust Bowl did not help the fact that many people had to worry about jobs because of the Great Depression, but now they had to worry about their health and saftey because of these dust storms. The dust storms would be the cause of many deaths, people were trying to move and find work in a hard work environment. The families that had moved were called "Okies". The Dust Bowl would be mainly located in the middle of the south. The brunt of it would outstretch from Kansas to the beggining of New Mexico.

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Southern Flag
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During the 1930’s in the south Racism, Farming, and The Great Depression. This also includes the dust bowl. The Jim Crow Laws were also put into affect at that time period.
    • Racism
      • Racism was a big part of the southern lifestyle during the 1930’s in the south. Racism for the south wouldn’t end; well that’s what they had thought at the time, though they were wrong. That’s when Abraham Lincoln went into Presidency he really opened the whole case on racism. Slaves were still being used at that time. Especially for all the farming plantations. Also because of racism in 1932 half of african americans were out of work, and lynching grew from 8 in 1932 to 28 in 1933. Most of all southerners were WHITE SUPREMECISTS.
    • Farming
      • Farming and agriculture were a big part of the south as well at that time. Although after the stock market crash it all went to hell in a hand basket, as most people would say. Farmers still had there crops, but they couldn’t get nothing sold. So the farmers resorted to supply and demand. They’d poor their milk from their cows, and they’d throw out their crop. Although they had enough food for themselves. The reaction from doing that built supply and demand. They needed trucks to deliver the produce, and the milk. They also needed it on the streets and in the stores. This built the demand for the citizens that needed these commodities to eat. The farming supply had gone down and the demand grew abundant.
**The Great Depression**
    • * During this time period poverty, and unemployment were at a all time high.
      • There was a 50 percent income drop to those who were employed.
      • These problems were not just localized to the United States but the entire world.
      • Thousands of banks, and buisnesses failed.
      • The depression lasted for over a decade.

The great depression had started in the 1920’s. This was the massive down fall of the stock market crash. The crash led people homeless and jobless. People would do anything just make a buck. This had a bunch to do with the farming and agriculture. The president Herbert H. Hoover had done nothing. The Veterans had asked for their high pay from serving in the war from Hoover. His reply was burn down their shacks and houses that had made a Hooverville. This didn’t go well for the veterans and the people. This followed the new president FDR. He had helped with all the stock market crash problems, by bits and pieces. He regained the wealth of the country.
    • **Jim Crow Laws**
      • Jim Crow laws were segregational laws implemented during the south.
      • They were laws that were similar to black laws imposed the African Americans in the south.
      • These laws were restricted laws that were put on newly freed slaves after the civil war.
      • These laws banned blacks from places such as parks, restaurants, hospitals, schools, and barber shops.
    • The popular means of living
      • A popular means of living in the south would be a farm, home, or shack.
      • Some people during the early to mid 1930’s lived in places called Hoovervilles. They were little shanty tents that were in a rows, somewhat like a development but a mess of small shanty’s.

    • The kind of jobs people in the south had
      • The kind of jobs in the south were very limited in that time period
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        • Farming was a much unappreciated job.
        • Farmers would grow their crop and truck it to their buyer. Or the near by shopkeepers.
        • Farming had helped with jobless people during The Great Depression. This reason being they had work cards that they got from their unemployment offices. Then the workers would go work on farms for $10 a month.
        • The jobs would consider bailing hay, growing crop, cutting crop, plowing fields, stacking hay, and transportation.
        • The average income during the depression was about 1400$, and before the depression the average was 2300$. Also the unemployment percentage went up to 25% of people.

      • Law
        • Law at that time wasn’t that hard. Though there was a fair amount of crimes during these hard times. Law officers had it somewhat easy.
        • Judges were paid a fair amount; many cases were flowing through that department.

      • Shopkeepers
        • Shopkeepers in the south had it rough; making a profit for them wasn’t easy. They’d do anything to make a buck.
        • Buying food and goods from the farmers wasn’t easy; the farmers had dumped a good amount of their crops, but kept a good amount for themselves and their families. This gave the shopkeepers a big problem.
        • Most of them were thrown out of business because they couldn’t sell anything.

      • Slavery
        • even though there was no slavery in the south, racism was in the south and was very common. the Jim Crow laws prevented blacks from voting in various ways including tests, taxes and the grandfather clause. the grandfather clause stated that in order to vote your grandfather must have been eligible to vote big thing at the time.
        • Their were Jim Crow Laws put in place for the black people.
        • White Supremacists reigned over the south.
        • Even though there was no slavery in the south blacks were still used like slaves and got paid very little and did close to the same work.

Labor Unions: During the early years of the depression labor unions futures did not look good. During the span of a decade the Labor Union had lost a few million members. Presiedent Roosevelt would change their future by implementing the National Industrial Recovery Act along with another act would help create more opportunities for unskilled workers. After this act labor unions would experience major gains which would last throughout the 1930s.

****Schools in the south****
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Because of depression some schools had to shorten school years charge students to go to school and had to pay teachers less. there was a great increase in amount of kids who didn’t go to school because they couldn’t afford it.

School in the Rural South." University of Massachusetts at Amherst. W. E. B. Du Bois Library. Special Collections and Archives. African-American History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?
ItemID=WE01&iPin=afph0044&SingleRecord=True (accessed September 29, 2008).

Sutton, Bettye. "American Cultural History." Kingwood College Library. June/30/05. 19 Sep 2007 http://kclibrary.nhmccd.edu/decade30.html.

"Dust Bowl." American History. 2008. ABC-CLIO. 22 Sep. 2008

<http://www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com>. **

"Busted With Dust Bowl Pictures." BCBband. 28 July, 2008. YouTube. 26 September, 2008.

"Dust Bowl." Encyclopedia of American History. Facts on File, Inc., 2008. American History Online, Facts on File, Inc. Hunterdon Central Regional High School. 30 September. 2008

"Great Depression." Encyclopedia of American History. Facts on File, Inc., 2008. American History Online, Facts on File, Inc. Hunterdon Central Reigonal High School. 29 September. 2008

"Labor Unions During the Great Depression and New Deal." Great Depression And World War II, 1929-1945. 26 September. 2002 <http://memory.loc.gov/learn/features/timeline/depwwii/unions/unions.html>

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  3. http://www.oldmeadecounty.com/FARMING3%201934.JPG

Dust bowl. 2008. 1 October 2008.>
Over view of Jim crow laws. 2008. 1 October 2008.