1930's Entertainment


Music



The Atlanta Journal opened up WSB in Atlanta and this was the first radio station in the south and this was on the March of 1922. After couple of months on September 9th, the artist Fioddlin' John Carson made his first radio debut and he was one of the best and first country music performers to the modulate the airways. The other best selling makes were the Victrola and the Graphanla. Grand Ole Opry who is also known as WSM Barn Dance made its fenomanel broadcast in November 28 of 1925. "The Mother of the Blues" Ma Rainey who soon became a performer on the T.O.B.A aka Theater Owners Booking Association. She even signed a lot of recording contracts and once before sigining the contract with PAramount Records in 1923 she almost had a quarter century's worth of stage work in her credit. One other great singers back then was Bessie Smith and she was the most influential classic blues singer of 1920s. When she was popular and famous she earned $2000 per week. There was this other legend in Jazz and his name was King Oliver, he was a trumpet player and he was greatly influenced ny Buddy Bolden but it didn't take much time for King Oliver to become a Jazz stylist. Louis Armstrong also joined King Oliver in Chicago in the early 1920s and he played solos with Fletcher Henderson at the Roseland Ballroom in new York and they made a history of Jazz with the Hot Five. These were some of the greatest singers and musicians in the early 1920s and 1930s.


Louis_Armstrong.jpg




This link will take you to a site where you can find more information about Jazz and about Louis Armstrong.
http://www.d.umn.edu/cla/faculty/tbacig/studproj/is3099/jazzcult/20sjazz/





.Work Citation:
Southern Music in the 20th century. 2008. Southern Music Network. 15 Sept. 2008 <http://www.southernmusic.net/1920.htm

Picture Citation:
www.d.umn.edu
http://www.d.umn.edu/cla/faculty/tbacig/studproj/is3099/jazzcult/20sjazz/


Music



Cab Calloway was born in Rochester, New York on December 25, 1907. He was raised mostly in Baltimore, Maryland. His family was involved a lot in music so he got influenced by his family a lot and he then joined the Baltimore Melody Boys during his high school years and he also studied voice under the tutelage of a local jazz artist named William “Chick” Webb. He was the person who did many things all together. He was a bandleader, singer, dancer, songwriter, and an author and he was best known for his innovating style of scat singing and his signature song which is called “Minnie the Moocher,” memorable for its “hi-de-ho” lyrics. His career was really very long, he spanned over more then 60 years and he was also the first African-American artists who broke the racial walls between the whites and blacks because he performed for mostly white audiences. Then when he graduated from high school, he went to Crane Collage in Chicago, Illinois and pursued a briefly law degree. He wanted to be musician and he couldn’t resist that and then he decided to drop out of school and follow his dream of becoming a great singer. After he dropped out of school, he then stayed in Chicago and tried to play the drums and saxophone before becoming a great singer which was his actual dream. Later in 1927, he appeared in the theater show called Plantation Days which took place in 1927 and after that appearance in the show, he was hired for his first solo performance which meant a lot to him because he was then going towards his dreams. That was his first step towards his dreams.



Music



Then Calloway took a really big step towards his dream and that was that the formed his own first band called the “The Alabamians” in 1928. But the band was disbanded in 1929. He still didn’t give up instead he formed “The Missourians”. They began touring in 1929, and really very quickly they received a great success. The popularity of the band led to Calloway’s first big musical theater gig as a cast member of the New York production of Fats Waller’s Jot Chocolates which was great because that was also a great step towards his dream actually that was a part of his dream because he was well known and he was really appreciated. His popularity was still touching the skies throughout 1930s and he had like dozens and dozens more hit singles, including “St. James Infirmary,” “The Jumpin’ Jive,” “Lady with the Fan,” “Zac Zuh Zaz,” “Kickin’ the Gong Around,” “The Scat Song,” “Resfer Man,” “Are You Hep to the Jive,” and “Are You All Reet.” For the first time ever he went to many European tours in 1934. He was also seen in many movies like The Big Broadcast (1932), International House (1933), The Singing Kid (1936), Manthattan Merry-Go-Round (1944), St. Louis Blues (1958), The Cincinnati Kid (1965), and The Blues Brothers (1980). These are some of the great achievements and success Calloway had during his time in the 1920s and 1930s. He had a lot more but these are some of them.

external image photo_-_cab_calloway_jjqg_5d7y.bmpCab Calloway whe n he was really very youngVideos of Cab Calloway Singing!

Link to some more information about Cab Calloway: More Info. on Cab Calloway!

Work Citation:

Wrriting:

Southern Music in the 20th Century.
2008. Southern Music Ntework. 15 Sept. 2008 http://www.southernmusic.net/1920.htm

Video:
"Cab Calloway." 29 Sept. 2008. YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D44pyeEvhcQ.

Picture:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D44pyeEvhcQ


Music


The music jazz got pretty famous by the 1900s. African is known as the rhythmic propulsion of jazz and that was melded with European melodiea and instruments and that constructed to play the Westren seven-note scale. It was usually played by small ensembles, spread rapidly to other cities whrere there were additional traditions that continued to shape and redefine it. The news then started to speread out of New Orleans and then it encountered such elemnts of African-American musical culture as blues song and instrumentaal approaches (often in 12-bar formats); there were a lot of piano traditions that were devoloping in Northern cities (for example: the piano scheme called (stride). Also a lot of popular ethnic dance music and rhythms from a variety of places and contacts which involved both blacks and whites. Jazz was soon indentified in many other cities as the restless jazz players and artists moved about and established reputations in such places as Kansas City, New York and also surprisingly Los Angeles. There were some other vities in the West Coast where jazz was gettin identified by a lot of other people and it was also being appriciated. At that time America was goin under going through a transformation which was from an agricultural to an industrial society, it also had transformation over the population, also on black and white who began to pour into the cities looking for jobs and immigrants also came to miigrant in this movement. This was somewhat information about Jazz.
external image jazz.jpgPicture of Jazz from 1930s.

Video of the Jazz from 1920s and 1930s.
Link to More Info. about this topic of Jazz: http://www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com/Search/Display.aspx?categoryid=27&entryid=443700&searchtext=music+in+the+1930s&type=simple&option=all

Work Citation:

Writting:
"jazz." American History. 2008. ABC-CLIO. 30 Sep. 2008 <http://www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com>.

Video:
"Jazz." 29 Sept. 2008. YouTube. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QJSdk44gWIE>.

Picture:
http://www.usps.com/images/stamps/98/jazz.jpg



Art



One of the great artists during that time was guy named Maxfield Parrish who was born on July 25, 1870 and died on March 30, 1966. He was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was a American painter as well as an illustrator. He was a child when he began drawing for him own amuesment and the good thing here is that his parents encouraged him and his talent a lot. He was one of the people who had a large impact in the illustration field. His work was really very popular in the 1920s and the surprising thing is that his work is still sought by the collectors today and that is a really good thing, He went into a artistic career after he attended Pennsylvania Academy. His carrer was with him for quite a long time. His carrer also helped shape the Golden Age of illustration and the future of American visual arts. Parrish started to turn away from the carrer of illustration and started going towards and started to concentrated on painting fot its own sake. His theme was mostly the androgynous nudes in fantastical settings. Then later on he changed his mind again and went on to focusing solely on landscapes and that was in 1931. His artwork often showed and had features of dazzlingly luminous colors. He used many technique that he used in his painting and they were like several coasts of oil and varnish that was often applied to his paintings. This was a short summary about Maxfield Parrish who was an great artist and people still remember him today for his great work.

external image mp.jpgPicture of Maxfield Parrish.

Video of some of the artwork Maxfield Parrish had done!

Link to some more Info. about Maxfield Parrish:
http://parrish.artpassions.net/

Work Citation:

Writting:
Scott, Robert."1920s Art." 1920s Art, Artists, and Illustrators. 29 Sept. 2008
<http://www.1920-30.com/art/>

Video:
"Maxfield Parrish" 1 Oct. 2008. YouTube. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tmdeakuW8gU>

Picture:
http://www.tfaoi.com/articles/mp.jpg


Art

Another really good artist back then was C. Coles Phillips who was born in Springfield, Ohio in 1880 and he passed away in New York City in 1927. He studied in the college named Kenyon College in 1902. After he left from Kenyon, he moved to New York and there he took classes in an art school. He wanted to take art school before he started his own advertisement agency. One day Phillips met J.A. Mitchell in 1907 who was the publisher of Life Magazine and he was hired at the age of 26 which was really inspiring. After Pillips was hired in the Life Magazine, he then became really popular with the readers of that megazine and he was also awarded with cover assignments. He also created a cover that would become his trademark and he did that in 1908. He soon did some creative things like. by combining foreground and background elements of the same color and then he created the "fadeaway girl" which was really popular in the print art for decades to come and he was really pround of it. There are two books that were creatd for Phillips work and they are called "A Gallery of Girls" which was created in 1911 and the other one is called "The Young Mans Fancy" created in 1912. That was some iformation about C. Coles Phillips.
external image 180px-Coles_Phillips.jpgPicture of C. Coles Phillips. Link to More Info. about C. Coles Phillips: http://www.1920-30.com/art/coles-phillips.html
Work Citation:
Writting:
Scott, Robert."1920s Art." 1920s Art, Artists, and Illustrators. 29 Sept. 2008 <http://www.1920-30.com/art/>
Picture:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/84/Coles_Phillips.jpg/180px-Coles_Phillips.jpg

Art

On February 1931, for the first time, finger paints were used and that too in one of the Ruth Faison Shaw's elementry school chidren at the Shaw School in Rome. The way Shaw got the idea of finger paints was so weird and she got it when a child from her class got a cut and she had sent him to put iodine on his cut, but when the child didn't return and she went to see him then she saw the kid painting all over with iodine all over the bathroom walls. And later finger painting was instituted in America in April of 1936. That's how finger painting was discovered.
external image fingerpaint.jpgThis is a finger painting! Link to More Info. about art in 1930s.: http://www.personal.psu.edu/mas53/timln930.html

Work Citation:

Writting:
http://www.personal.psu.edu/mas53/timln930.html

Picture:
http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.personal.psu.edu/mas53/fingerpaint.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.personal.psu.edu/mas53/timln930.html&h=1007&w=777&sz=176&hl=en&start=1&um=1&usg=__FuwzeYcZf77Huh2cd1Qr2WOihUI=&tbnid=vVAviqkAyuHwOM:&tbnh=150&tbnw=116&prev=/images%3Fq%3DShaw%2527s%2Bfinger%2Bpainting%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN

Film 1930's were the first american monsters moveies. A variety of them came out including: "Dracula," " Comedy films were also popular; mostly including rags to riches stories like: " It happend one night", and " Gold diggers of the 1930's." Color film was also invented; the first film to use this was "The Wizard of OZ!" Literature: Steinbecks writing becomes popular. Grapes of wrath, Mice and Men, The Dubios battle were all written by him. Gone with the wind was also witten, and made into a movie. To Have and Have Not by Ernest Hemingway Northwest Passage by Kenneth Robert http://www.filmsite.org/30sintro4.html__ http://www.kidsnewsroom.org/elmer/infoCentral/frameset/decade/1930.htm#popular%20books//

Fads During the 1930s there were many fads such as board games. One popular board game was Monopoly. Monopoly was designed by Charles Darrow. He Designed it by using street names in Atlantic City. In 1933 the Parker brothers released the first edition of monopoly. In 1935 nearly half a million copies of the game was sold. Soon later, about three million people in America bought Monopoly. The game itself helped America get back to business after the great depression. external image mono3.jpg **http://64.233.169.104/search?q=chache:Qgweca7ft81j:www.tgnyc.org/NYC063370/fads.htm+1930s+Fads&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=3&gl=us** **http://www.otal.umd.edu/~vg/amst205.F96/vj14/Pictures/mono3.jpg** Another popular fad in the 1930s was Betty Boop. Betty Boop was an animated character that appeared in the Talkartoon and Betty Boop series of films produced by Max Fleischer and released by Paramount Pictures. Betty Boop first appeared on August 9, 1930 in the cartoon Dizzy Dishes, the sixth installment in Fleischer’s Talkartoon series. She was designed by Grim Natwick, and with her sexual appeal, Betty was a hit with everyone. external image betty.jpg **Http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Betty_Boop** **http://www.bettyboopfancruise.com/graphics/betty.jpg** A common game in the 1930s that kids used to play was called “Earsy-kneesy-nosey”. This was a game that involved good coordination and skill. The game is played by clapping your knees with both hands, and then alternatively grabbing the left ear with your right hand while grabbing your nose with the left hand, clap again on your knees, and then grab your right ear with your left hand while grabbing your nose with the right hand. You proceed to do this increasing the pace. This game practiced the left and right controls of the brain. **Http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earsy-kneesy-nosey**

Throughout the 1930s and 1939 gambling increased to people could add to there income. Horse racing became legal in 15 more states making that a total at 21.

Sports interest also increased. Baseball stars like Lou Gehrig and Joe DiMaggio drew fans from everywhere to watch their games, and those who couldn’t get to the game listened to the play-by-play on their radios. **http://www.thepastisablast.com/funfacts/fun_facts_1930s.htm** **http://img.nytstore.com/IMAGES/NSAPJD4_LARGE.JPG**

external image NSAPJD4_LARGE.JPG 1930 Entertainment Some popular entertainment during the 1930s was the radio. Children would listen to all shows such as, snow white, and different super heroes. But the most popular one was “Little Orphan Annie”. Kids loved her curiosity and wild imagination. external image age_machine.jpg external image anniecover.gif http://www.techepics.com/files/age_machine.jpg http://www.stevestiles.com/anniecover.gif http://www.kidsnewsroom.org/elmer/infoCentral/frameset/decade/1930.htm#entertainment

1930's Fashion

external image barber-perm.jpgThis is what a electic wave machine would have looked like.

Hair


In the 1930’s the hair style started to change. Instead of the bobbed head hair became wavy and longer. Some actresses like Jean Harlow colored their hair. There were two types of permanent hair waves you could chose from. The first method was a perm using an electric wave machine. The second method was used if people were afraid of using the machine; the way they did this was by ammonia-based cold waves. If you did not want permanent waves in your hair you could do the finger wave which was using your finger the curl your hair while it’s wet. If you want to learn how to do this on your own hair then you can go to this web site. Coloring hair had an element of scandal to it so not many people died it. During the 1930’s eyebrows were plucked to a fine line and then drawn in with an eyebrow pencil.




external image hats.jpg

Hats



During the 1930’s a hat was a common fashion accessory. If a women needed a sporty or outdoor appeal than a perky hat with an Australian or Cossack feel would be perfect. A commonly used hat was a high crowned hat; they were small and contrasted with sailor style hats. These typed of hats were tilted to an angle to add a flirtatious style. In 1935 Schiaparelli introduce the modern snood. The snood was a way to keep hair away from machinery in wartime Britain.



external image zoot-suit.gifThe Zoot suit

Men's Fashion


In the 1930’s men’s suits were tailored to give the effect of a larger torso, this was done by squaring the shoulder on the jacket. Another popular suit in the 30’s was the double breasted jacket. The only thing that did not change from the 20’s was that a well dressed male would wear a hat. One interesting piece of fashion was the Zoot suit This suit was mostly popular with the Hispanics. The Zoot suit was a style in which you would wear baggy pants, an oversized jacket, gold chains, and a hat called a tando.


external image CC062.jpgThis is an example of metallic lame fabric.

Women's Fashion

During the 1930’s Hollywood was one of the major contributors on the styles worn by women. During the 30’s the hemlines were lowered and the evening of it’s became more sensual. Also the fabrics were draped and mostly showed the women’s back. During the 30’s clothes became feminine and tidy but in the evening the dresses were glamorous. Evening gowns were starting to get fabricated in a new fabric called metallic lame because it added a shimmer effect. Evening gowns could also have glass or plastic beads on them to give the shimmer effect.


Citations

Dirty 30's!." 15 Sep 2008 <htpp:www.paper-dragon.com/1939.fashion.html>.

"hats of the 1930's." Fashion-Era. Fashion-Era. 15 Sep 2008 <htto:fashion-era.com/hats-hair/hats_hair_8_fashion_history_1930_1940.htm>
"30's Fashion." Lisa's Nostaliga Cafe. 15 Sep 2008 http://anglefire.com/retro/lisawebworld/30sfashion.html.

"1930's Fashion History Stylish Thirties." Fashion-Era. 15 Sep 2008 http://www.fashion-era.com/stylish_thirties.html.

http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mohspcm/barber-perm.jpg
http://www.24hourmama.com/hats.jpg
http://corriecanuck.files.wordpress.com/2008/01/zoot-suit.gif
http://costumecastle.buyol.com/costumecastle/images/itemslarge/CC062.jpg